Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is considered an OC spectrum disorder because it shares some characteristics of OCD. The primary feature of BDD is an excessive concern about the appearance of a body part. This concern preoccupies an individual throughout the day and causes a great deal of emotional distress. As a consequence of this, an individual may avoid certain activities, particularly social situations. Daily routines and the ability to function in certain settings, such as work and school, is significantly impaired.
Prevalence rates for BDD are anywhere between 1 and 2% of the general population. However, this may be an underestimation since individuals often seek non-psychiatric cosmetic/dermatological treatment first. Individuals may be too embarassed about their symptoms to seek appropriate treatment. It is also common for individuals to be misdiagnosed as depressed or sufferning from social anxiety. As a result, proper treatment, such as exposure and reponse prevention, may be delayed.
Read Dr. Breytman’s paper:
Skin Picking Phenomenology and Severity Comparison – download the PDF
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